Capital Product Partners L.P. (NASDAQ: CPLP), an international diversified shipping company, today released its financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2015.
The Partnership’s net income for the quarter ended December 31, 2015 was $15.4 million. After taking into account the preferred interest in net income attributable to the unit holders of the 12,983,333 Class B Convertible Preferred Units outstanding as of December 31, 2015 (the “Class B Units” and the “Class B Unitholders”), and the general partner’s interest in the Partnership’s net income, the result for the quarter ended December 31, 2015 was $0.10 net income per common unit, as compared to $0.09 net income per common unit from the previous quarter ended September 30, 2015 and $0.10 net income per common unit in the fourth quarter of 2014.
Operating surplus, prior to Class B Units distributions for the quarter ended December 31, 2015, was $35.2 million, which is $2.2 million higher than the $33.0 million in the third quarter of 2015 and $3.1 million higher than the $32.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The operating surplus adjusted for the payment of distributions to the Class B Unitholders was $32.3 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2015. Operating surplus is a non-GAAP financial measure used by certain investors to measure the financial performance of the Partnership and other master limited partnerships. Please refer to “Appendix A” at the end of the press release for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP measure with net income.
Total revenues for the fourth quarter of 2015 were $59.4 million, compared to $49.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2014; the increase is mainly a result of (a) the increased size of the Partnership’s fleet and (b) the improved employment daily rates for certain of the Partnership’s vessels.
Total expenses for the fourth quarter of 2015 were $38.9 million compared to $32.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The vessel total operating expenses for the fourth quarter of 2015 amounted to $18.3 million for the commercial and technical management of our fleet under the terms of our management agreements, compared to $15.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The increase reflects primarily the increased fleet size of the Partnership and expenses related to the dry-docking of the M/V ”Agamemnon’, the M/V ‘Archimidis’ and the M/T ‘Apostolos’. The total expenses for the fourth quarter of 2015 also include $17.0 million in depreciation and amortization, compared to $14.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2014, as a result of our increased fleet size. General and administrative expenses for the fourth quarter of 2015 amounted to $1.3 million, compared to $1.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2014.
Total other expense, net for the fourth quarter of 2015 amounted to $5.1 million, compared to $3.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2014. The increase is principally due to the higher interest costs we incurred in the fourth quarter of 2015 and lower interest income compared to the fourth quarter of 2014.
As of December 31, 2015, total partners’ capital amounted to $937.8 million, which is $65.2 million higher than total partners’ capital as of December 31, 2014, which amounted to $872.6 million. This increase primarily reflects the issuance of 14,555,000 common units, which raised net proceeds before offering expenses of $133.3 million, and the net income for the year ended December 31, 2015, partially offset by the payment of $122.8 million in distributions since December 31, 2014.
As of December 31, 2015, the Partnership’s total debt decreased by $6.3 million to $571.6 million, compared to total debt of $577.9 million as of December 31, 2014. The decrease was due to the prepayment of $115.9 million of principal amount under three of our credit facilities, in addition to $5.4 million in scheduled debt amortization, and partially offset by $115.0 million in drawdowns under our senior secured credit facility with ING Bank to fund the acquisitions of (a) the M/T ‘Active’, which was delivered on March 31, 2015, (b) the M/V ‘CMA CGM Amazon’, which was delivered on June 10, 2015, (c) the M/T ‘Amadeus’, which was delivered on June 30, 2015 and (4) the M/V ‘CMA CGM Uruguay’, which was delivered on September 18, 2015.
The M/T ‘Anemos I’ (47,782 dwt, Ice Class 1A IMO II/III Chemical/ Product Tanker built 2007, Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Ltd., South Korea) has been fixed to Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (“Petrobras”) for a period of three years (+/- 30 days) at a gross daily rate of $17,750. The new charter commenced in January 2016. The vessel was previously employed by Capital Maritime & Trading Corp. (“Capital Maritime” or our “Sponsor”) at a gross daily rate of $17,250. Capital Maritime agreed to redeliver the vessel earlier than scheduled for the vessel to commence its employment with Petrobras.
The M/T ‘Akeraios’ (47,781 dwt, Ice Class 1A IMO II/III Chemical/ Product Tanker, built 2007, Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, South Korea) has been also fixed to Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (“Petrobras”) for a period of three years (+/- 30 days) at a gross daily rate of $17,750. The new charter is expected to commence in the second quarter 2016 subject to charterer’s vetting approval. The vessel is currently employed by Capital Maritime at a gross daily rate of $15,600. Capital Maritime agreed to redeliver the vessel earlier than scheduled for the vessel to commence its employment with Petrobras.
The M/T ‘Ayrton II’ (51,260 dwt, IMO II/III Chemical Product Tanker built 2009, STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd – South Korea) entered into a new charter with Capital Maritime for two years (+/- 30 days) at a gross daily rate of $18,000. The new charter is expected to commence in March 2016, upon completion of a short term time charter that the vessel is currently performing. Prior to the short term time charter, the vessel was employed under a time charter to Engen Petroleum Ltd. at a gross daily rate of $15,350. The earliest redelivery under the new charter is in February 2018.
The M/T ‘Aristotelis’ (51,604 dwt IMO II/III Chemical Product Tanker built 2013, Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Ltd., South Korea) extended its employment with Capital Maritime for an additional 13 to 15 months at a gross daily rate of $19,000, which represents an increase of $2,000 per day compared to the vessel’s previous employment to Capital Maritime at a gross daily rate of $17,000. The earliest redelivery under the new charter is in February 2017.
Finally, the M/T ‘Arionas’ (36,725 dwt, Ice Class 1A IMO II/III Chemical/ Product Tanker, built 2006, Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, South Korea) has been chartered by Ecuador’s Flota Petrolera Ecuatoriana (“Flopec”) for three years (+/- 60 days) at a gross daily rate of $19,000. The vessel was previously employed under a time charter to Capital Maritime at a gross daily rate of $15,000. Capital Maritime agreed to redeliver the vessel earlier than scheduled for the vessel to commence its employment with Flopec. The new charter commenced in January 2016 and marks the beginning of a new time charter relationship between the Partnership and Flopec.
The early termination of certain charters with Capital Maritime for re-employment of the vessels with their new charterers and the employment of M/T ‘Aristotelis’ and M/T ‘Ayrton II’ with Capital Maritime were unanimously approved by the Conflicts Committee of the Partnership.
As a result of the above fleet developments, the Partnership’s charter coverage for 2016 and 2017 stands at 89% and 70%, respectively.
Product & Crude Tanker Markets
The product tanker market experienced solid rates in the fourth quarter of 2015, albeit weaker in comparison with the previous quarter. In the West, rates were under pressure at the beginning of the quarter due to a lack of arbitrage trades across the Atlantic, the end of the driving season in the U.S. and reduced volumes due to refinery maintenance. A similar downward trend was observed East of Suez, as Asian refinery utilization declined on the back of refinery maintenance, which resulted in lower product exports and subsequently softer demand for product tankers. As the quarter progressed, rates gradually improved due to the upturn in refinery utilization in the U.S. Gulf following seasonal maintenance, which, in conjunction with long transit delays in the Panama Canal, resulted in higher rates in the Western hemisphere. At the same time, stronger naphtha flows exerted upwards pressure on spot rates in the East. Overall, in 2015, the product tanker spot market has been the strongest since 2007, primarily driven by the Middle Eastern refinery expansion and the lower oil price environment.
In the time charter market, Medium Range (“MR”) rates remained robust at levels close to seven-year highs, while activity in the period market was firm during the quarter ended December 31, 2015.
On the supply side, order activity for MR product tankers in the fourth quarter of 2015 increased compared to previous quarters but remained at relatively low levels. In addition, the product tanker orderbook continued to experience slippage during 2015 as approximately 32% of the expected MR and handy size tanker newbuildings were not delivered on schedule. Analysts expect that net fleet growth for product tankers for 2016 will be in the region of 4.6%, while overall demand for product tankers for the year is estimated to grow at 3.6%.
Suezmax crude tankers finished 2015 on a strong note, as spot freight rates for the fourth quarter of 2015 reached the highest level since the fourth quarter of 2008. Chinese crude demand was particularly strong over the three-month period, lifting demand for Suezmaxes, as the country continues to take advantage of the low oil prices to build its Strategic Petroleum Reserves. Suezmax tankers also benefited from limited tonnage availability due to increased delays in the Turkish Straits and high chartering volumes that significantly increased waiting times at several ports in the East. For the year 2015, Suezmax spot rates were at the highest levels since 2008.
The firm spot market resulted in higher period activity for Suezmax tankers in the quarter ended December 31, 2015, while period rates remained strong in line with the previous quarter.
On the supply side, the Suezmax orderbook represented, at the end of the fourth quarter of 2015, approximately 21.4% of the current fleet. Analysts, however, estimate that slippage for 2015 amounted to 38% of the expected deliveries for the same time period. Suezmax tanker demand is projected to continue growing in 2016 on the back of robust European seaborne crude oil import growth and increased crude exports from the Middle Eastern Gulf to India and the Mediterranean. Overall, crude Suezmax deadweight demand is projected to expand by 3.0% and the fleet is projected to expand by 4.4% in 2016.
Post-panamax Container Market
The fourth quarter of 2015 saw substantially weaker demand for post-panamax container vessels due to the continued low level of cargo bookings on the Far East – Europe trade combined with the seasonal weakness in the months prior to the Christmas holiday. As a result the idle fleet increased to 6.8% at the end of 2015 to a total of approximately 1.4 million TEU.
The drop in oil prices as well as the uncertainty regarding future growth prospects of China have had an adverse effect on demand for containerized goods on a number of routes. Volumes on the westbound Far East-Europe service contracted in the first eleven months of 2015 by 4.3% year-on-year. The Intra-Asian trade volumes are estimated to have expanded for the full year 2015 by 3.1%, as opposed to the 6.0% growth experienced in 2014.
Analysts have consequently revised their demand growth expectations for 2016 to 4.0%, with supply of new vessels also expected at 4.0%. The orderbook compared to the current container fleet stands today at 19.1%, which is the lowest since 2003.
The full year of 2015 saw only around 90 containerships of a combined 193,156 TEU being scrapped, however scrapping activity increased at the end of the year, due to the weaker container market conditions.
Freight rates appeared to pick up on the main lanes towards the end of 2015, but surrendered part of these gains during the first half of January 2016.
Quarterly Common and Class B Unit Cash Distribution
On January 20, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Partnership declared a cash distribution of $0.2385 per common unit for the fourth quarter of 2015. The fourth quarter common unit cash distribution will be paid on February 12, 2016 to unit holders of record on February 5, 2016.
In addition, on January 20, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Partnership declared a cash distribution of $0.21975 per Class B Unit for the fourth quarter of 2015, in line with the Partnership’s Second Amended and Restated Partnership Agreement, as amended. The fourth quarter Class B Unit cash distribution will be paid on February 10, 2016 to Class B Unitholders of record on February 3, 2016.
Mr. Jerry Kalogiratos, Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officer of the Partnership’s General Partner, commented:
“We completed the year having successfully executed against our growth strategy by acquiring an additional four vessels during the course of 2015, all employed under long term charters, and with a strong balance sheet, having repaid approximately $121 million of debt. We are on track to acquire the last contracted dropdown vessel in the first quarter of 2016, which is fully funded from previously completed equity offerings and existing credit facilities.
Importantly, we are pleased to see that the tanker charter market, where the majority of our fleet operates and where we have the vast majority of our charter renewals in the next couple of years, enjoys multi-year highs on the back of the strong industry fundamentals and the low oil price environment. As a result, we have secured employment for a number of our vessels at increased rates and for longer durations. Over the last 12 months, we have fixed a total of 16 vessels for 2 years or longer and expanded our customer base with the addition of Petrobras, Shell, Repsol, Stena Bulk and Flopec. We continue to monitor the slowdown in certain key routes of the container market at a time of increased supply of container vessels, which has negatively affected container charter rates and asset values, as well as the heavy ordering for crude tanker vessels in 2015. However, all but two of our container vessels come up for re-chartering after 2020.
Looking ahead, our ability to grow through further dropdown opportunities from our Sponsor and to maintain a strong balance sheet will depend on, among other things, the Partnership’s continuous access to the financial markets. In view of the severe pricing dislocation that has affected publicly traded master limited partnerships, our Board believes that the Partnership is best served by maintaining the unit distribution for the quarter at $0.2385, which is unchanged from the third quarter of 2015.”