Danaos still feeling impact of Hanjin bankruptcy; 43.6% drop in net profit in H1

danaos

Danaos Corporation (“Danaos”) (NYSE: DAC), one of the world’s largest independent owners of containerships, reported unaudited results for the period ended June 30, 2017.

Highlights for the Second Quarter and Half Year Ended June 30, 2017:

  • Adjusted net income1 of $29.0 million, or $0.26 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $47.7 million, or $0.43 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 39.1%. Adjusted net income1 of $53.6 million, or $0.49 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $94.9 million, or $0.86 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 43.6%.
  • Operating revenues of $113.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $137.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 16.9%. Operating revenues of $224.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $274.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 18.4%.
  • Adjusted EBITDA1 of $78.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $99.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 21.8%. Adjusted EBITDA1 of $150.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $199.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016, a decrease of 24.4%.
  • Total contracted operating revenues were $1.9 billion as of June 30, 2017, with charters extending through 2028 and remaining average contracted charter duration of 6.2 years, weighted by aggregate contracted charter hire.
  • Charter coverage of 87% for the next 12 months based on current operating revenues and 66% in terms of contracted operating days.

 

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

Financial Summary

(Expressed in thousands of United States dollars, except per share amounts)

Three months
ended

Three months
ended

Six months
ended

Six months
ended

June 30,

June 30,

June 30,

June 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016

Operating revenues

$113,888

$136,999

$223,975

$274,473

Net income

$20,229

$44,648

$38,672

$88,769

Adjusted net income1

$29,037

$47,714

$53,559

$94,942

Earnings per share

$0.18

$0.41

$0.35

$0.81

Adjusted earnings per share1

$0.26

$0.43

$0.49

$0.86

Weighted average number of shares
(in thousands)

109,825

109,800

109,825

109,800

Adjusted EBITDA1

$78,063

$99,858

$150,609

$199,209

1Adjusted net income, adjusted earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. Refer to the reconciliation of net income to adjusted net income and net income to adjusted EBITDA.

 

Danaos’ CEO Dr. John Coustas commented:

“Our earnings for the second quarter of 2017 continue to reflect the effect of the Hanjin bankruptcy on the Company’s financial performance. Adjusted net income came in at $29 million for this quarter compared to $47.7 million for the second quarter of 2016, a decrease of $18.7 million. This decrease was attributable to a $19.3 million decrease in the operating revenues of the vessels that were previously chartered to Hanjin, and was partially offset by marginally improved operating performance by $0.6 million. Fleet utilization increased to 97.9% this quarter compared to 96.9% in the second quarter of 2016.

As previously reported, the Company is in breach of certain financial covenants as a result of the Hanjin bankruptcy. We are currently engaged in discussions with our lenders regarding refinancing substantially all of our debt maturing in 2018.  These discussions encompass potential amendments to the associated financial covenants that have been breached. In the meantime, we continue to generate positive cash flows from our operations and currently are in a position to service all our operational obligations as well as all scheduled principal amortization and interest payments under the original terms of our debt agreements.

The charter market is moving sideways at levels slightly above the lows of 2016 but we have not yet seen a meaningful improvement to signal a market recovery. Box rates have improved as a result of improved capacity deployment through the alliances and the recent industry consolidation activity has reduced our counterparty risks. On the other hand, consolidation in the liner industry combined with legacy newbuilding orders for large vessels still to be delivered is anticipated to maintain pressure on charter rates for a considerable amount of time. Danaos continues to have low near term exposure to the weak spot market with charter coverage of 87% for the next 12 months based on current operating revenues and 66% in terms of contracted operating days.

Our commitment to provide best in class service to our customers is now being reinforced by the utilization of our in-house developed IT tool for online acquisition and analysis of big data for online performance monitoring of our vessels, a unique feature for efficient ship management in the industry.

During this extended period of market weakness which has presented many challenges, we remain focused on taking necessary actions to preserve the value of our company by managing our fleet efficiently and taking prudent measures to manage and ultimately deleverage our balance sheet.”

Three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016

During the three months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, Danaos had an average of 55 containerships. Our fleet utilization for the second quarter of 2017 was 97.9%, while fleet utilization for the vessels under employment, excluding the off charter days of the vessels that were previously chartered to Hanjin Shipping (“Hanjin”), increased to 98.8% in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 96.9% in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Our adjusted net income amounted to $29.0 million, or $0.26 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $47.7 million, or $0.43 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2016. We have adjusted our net income in the three months ended June 30, 2017 for one-off refinancing professional fees of $5.2 million and a non-cash amortization charge of $3.6 million for fees related to our 2011 comprehensive financing plan (comprised of non-cash, amortizing and accrued finance fees). Please refer to the Adjusted Net Income reconciliation table, which appears later in this earnings release.

The decrease of $18.7 million in adjusted net income for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016 is attributable to a $19.3 million decrease in operating revenues as a result of the Hanjin bankruptcy and a further decline in operating revenues of $4.3 million as a result of weaker charter market conditions, which were partially offset by a $0.5 million increase in operating revenues due to higher fleet utilization, a $3.5 million decrease in total operating expenses, a $0.5 million decrease in net finance costs mainly due to interest rate swap expirations, and a $0.4 million improvement in the operating performance of our equity investment in Gemini Shipholdings Corporation (“Gemini”).

On a non-adjusted basis, our net income amounted to $20.2 million, or $0.18 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to net income of $44.6 million, or $0.41 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Operating Revenues
Operating revenues decreased by 16.9%, or $23.1 million, to $113.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $137.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Operating revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2017 reflect:

  • $19.3 million decrease in revenues in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016 due to loss of revenue from cancelled charters with Hanjin for eight of our vessels due to Hanjin’s bankruptcy. These vessels were re-chartered at lower rates and in some cases experienced off hire time in the 2017 period.
  • $4.3 million decrease in revenues in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016 due to the re-chartering of certain of our vessels at lower rates.
  • $0.5 million increase in revenues due to higher fleet utilization in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Vessel Operating Expenses
Vessel operating expenses decreased by 2.9%, or $0.8 million, to $27.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $28.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. The decrease is mainly attributable to a 1.2% decrease in the average daily operating cost per vessel during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016 to $5,734 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $5,802 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2016. Management believes that our daily operating cost ranks as one of the most competitive in the industry.

Depreciation & Amortization
Depreciation & Amortization includes Depreciation and Amortization of Deferred Dry-docking and Special Survey Costs.

Depreciation
Depreciation expense decreased by 9.0%, or $2.9 million, to $29.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $32.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016, mainly due to decreased depreciation expense for twenty-five vessels for which we recorded an impairment charge on December 31, 2016.

Amortization of Deferred Dry-docking and Special Survey Costs
Amortization of deferred dry-docking and special survey costs increased by $0.3 million, to $1.7 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $1.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. The increase was mainly due to the increased payments for dry-docking and special survey costs related to certain vessels over the last year.

General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.1 million to $5.3 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017, from $5.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Other Operating Expenses
Other Operating Expenses include Voyage Expenses.

Voyage Expenses
Voyage expenses remained stable, amounting to $3.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 and in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Interest Expense and Interest Income
Interest expense increased by 3.9%, or $0.8 million, to $21.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $20.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. The increase in interest expense was mainly due to the increase in average cost of debt due to the increase in US$ Libor by almost 50 bps between the two periods, which was partially offset by a decrease in our average debt by $259.2 million, to $2,427.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017, from $2,686.8 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016 and a $0.4 million decrease in the amortization of deferred finance costs.

As of June 30, 2017, the debt outstanding gross of deferred finance costs was $2,425.3 million compared to $2,676.9 million as of June 30, 2016. As a result principally of the cancellation of eight charters with Hanjin, we expect the rate at which we reduce our leverage to decline.

Interest income increased by $0.4 million to $1.3 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $0.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. The increase was mainly attributed to the interest income recognized on HMM notes receivable.

Other finance costs, net
Other finance costs, net decreased by $0.1 million, to $1.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $1.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Equity income/(loss) on investments
Equity income on investments amounted to $0.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the equity loss on investments of $0.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016 and relates to the improved operating performance of Gemini, in which the Company has a 49% shareholding interest.

Unrealized gain on derivatives
Unrealized gain on interest rate swaps amounted to nil in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to a gain of $1.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. The unrealized gains in the three months ended June 30, 2016 were attributable to mark to market valuation of our swaps, which all expired by December 31, 2016.

Realized loss on derivatives
Realized loss on interest rate swaps decreased to $0.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from a loss of $2.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. This decrease is attributable to swap expirations. As of December 31, 2016, all of our interest rate swaps have expired.

Other income/(expenses), net
Other income/(expenses), net was $5.1 million in expenses in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to nil in the three months ended June 30, 2016 due to the increased professional fees related to the refinancing discussions with our lenders.

Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA decreased by 21.8%, or $21.8 million, to $78.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $99.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2016. As outlined earlier, this decrease is attributed to a $23.1 million decrease in operating revenues, which was partially offset by a $0.9 million decrease in operating expenses and a $0.4 million operating performance improvement on equity investments. Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2017 is adjusted for one-off refinancing professional fees of $5.2 million. Tables reconciling Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income can be found at the end of this earnings release.

Six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016

During the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, Danaos had an average of 55 containerships. Our fleet utilization in the six months ended June 30, 2017 was 95.3%, while fleet utilization for the vessels under employment, excluding the off charter days of the vessels that were previously chartered to Hanjin Shipping (“Hanjin”), increased to 98.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 95.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Our adjusted net income amounted to $53.6 million, or $0.49 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $94.9 million, or $0.86 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2016. We have adjusted our net income in the six months ended June 30, 2017 for one-off refinancing professional fees of $5.2 million, a non-cash amortization charge of $7.3 million for fees related to our 2011 comprehensive financing plan (comprised of non-cash, amortizing and accrued finance fees) and a loss on sale of Hyundai Merchant Marine (“HMM”) securities of $2.4 million. Please refer to the Adjusted Net Income reconciliation table, which appears later in this earnings release.

The decrease of $41.3 million in adjusted net income for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 is attributable to a $41.3 million decrease in operating revenues as a result of the Hanjin bankruptcy, a further decline in operating revenues of $9.7 million as a result of weaker charter market conditions and a $0.4 million decrease in other income, which were partially offset by a $0.5 million increase in operating revenues due to higher fleet utilization, a $6.2 million decrease in total operating expenses, a $2.1 million decrease in net finance costs mainly due to interest rate swap expirations and increased interest income, and a $1.3 million improvement in the operating performance of our equity investment in Gemini Shipholdings Corporation (“Gemini”).

On a non-adjusted basis, our net income amounted to $38.7 million, or $0.35 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to net income of $88.8 million, or $0.81 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Operating Revenues
Operating revenues decreased by 18.4%, or $50.5 million, to $224.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $274.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Operating revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2017 reflect:

  • $41.3 million decrease in revenues in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 due to loss of revenue from cancelled charters with Hanjin for eight of our vessels due to Hanjin’s bankruptcy. These vessels were re-chartered at lower rates and in some cases experienced off hire time in the 2017 period.
  • $9.7 million decrease in revenues in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 due to the re-chartering of certain of our vessels at lower rates.
  • $0.5 million increase in revenues due to higher fleet utilization in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Vessel Operating Expenses
Vessel operating expenses decreased by 3.9%, or $2.2 million, to $54.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $56.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. The decrease is attributable to a 2.5% decrease in the average daily operating cost per vessel during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 to $5,745 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $5,893 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2016. Management believes that our daily operating cost ranks as one of the most competitive in the industry.

Depreciation & Amortization
Depreciation & Amortization includes Depreciation and Amortization of Deferred Dry-docking and Special Survey Costs.

Depreciation
Depreciation expense decreased by 9.5%, or $6.1 million, to $58.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $64.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016, mainly due to decreased depreciation expense for twenty-five vessels for which we recorded an impairment charge on December 31, 2016.

Amortization of Deferred Dry-docking and Special Survey Costs
Amortization of deferred dry-docking and special survey costs increased by $1.0 million, to $3.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $2.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. The increase was mainly due to the increased payments for dry-docking and special survey costs related to certain vessels over the last year.

General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased by $0.8 million, to $11.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017, from $10.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Other Operating Expenses
Other Operating Expenses include Voyage Expenses.

Voyage Expenses
Voyage expenses increased by $0.4 million, to $7.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $6.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Interest Expense and Interest Income
Interest expense increased by 3.7%, or $1.5 million, to $42.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $40.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. The increase in interest expense was mainly due to the increase in average cost of debt due to the increase in US$ Libor by almost 50 bps between the two periods, which was partially offset by a decrease in our average debt by $257.0 million, to $2,455.6 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017, from $2,712.6 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016 and a $0.8 million decrease in the amortization of deferred finance costs.

As of June 30, 2017, the debt outstanding gross of deferred finance costs was $2,425.3 million compared to $2,676.9 million as of June 30, 2016. As a result principally of the cancellation of eight charters with Hanjin, we expect the rate at which we reduce our leverage to decline.

Interest income increased by $1.0 million to $2.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $1.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. The increase was mainly attributed to the interest income recognized on HMM notes receivable.

Other finance costs, net
Other finance costs, net decreased by $0.1 million, to $2.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $2.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

Equity income/(loss) on investments
Equity income on investments amounted to $0.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the equity loss on investments of $0.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016 and relates to the improved operating performance of Gemini, in which the Company has a 49% shareholding interest.

Unrealized gain on derivatives
Unrealized gain on interest rate swaps amounted to nil in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to a gain of $2.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. The unrealized gains in the six months ended June 30, 2016 were attributable to mark to market valuation of our swaps, which all expired by December 31, 2016.

Realized loss on derivatives
Realized loss on interest rate swaps decreased to $1.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from a loss of $5.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. This decrease is attributable to swap expirations. As of December 31, 2016, all of our interest rate swaps have expired.

Other income/(expenses), net
Other income/(expenses), net decreased to $7.6 million in expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $0.4 million in income in the six months ended June 30, 2016 mainly due to a $5.2 million increase in professional fees related to the refinancing discussions with our lenders and a $2.4 million realized loss on sale of HMM securities in the six months ended June 30, 2017.

Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA decreased by 24.4%, or $48.6 million, to $150.6 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $199.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016. As outlined earlier, this decrease is mainly attributed to a $50.5 million decrease in operating revenues and a $0.4 million decrease in other income, which were partially offset by a $1.0 million decrease in operating expenses and a $1.3 million operating performance improvement on equity investments. Adjusted EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2017 is adjusted for one-off refinancing professional fees of $5.2 million and a loss on sale of HMM securities of $2.4 million. Tables reconciling Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income can be found at the end of this earnings release.

Recent Developments
As a result of a decrease in our operating income and the charter-attached market value of certain of our vessels caused principally by the cancellation of eight charters with Hanjin Shipping, which is currently under bankruptcy proceedings with the Seoul Central District Court, we were in breach of the minimum security cover, consolidated net leverage and consolidated net worth financial covenants contained in our Bank Agreement and our other credit facilities as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. We had obtained waivers of the breaches of these financial covenants until April 1, 2017 and have therefore classified our long-term debt, net of deferred finance costs as current. We are currently in discussions with our lenders regarding our non-compliance with these covenants and refinancing the 2018 maturities of substantially all of our debt. However, we continue to generate positive cash flows from our operations and currently are in a position to service all our operational obligations as well as all scheduled principal amortization and interest payments under the original terms of our debt agreements.

 

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