The Panama Canal Authority will ramp up the movement of massive liquefied natural gas tankers through the waterway starting in October, as U.S. exports of the fuel are set to expand.
Under the new rules, the ships can traverse the canal at night, and two at a time can be on Gatun Lake, the man-made waterway at the canal’s north end. The changes will let two tankers move through the canal in different directions at the same time, officials said. The authority will also better identify “ghost bookings” by companies that reserve slots in advance, then fail to show.
The ability to handle the huge tankers that carry LNG is closely watched in the U.S., where two operating export terminals are set to be joined by four more through 2020. Using the canal greatly cuts the time to ship to Asia, where China is now the world’s largest natural gas importer.
“Our plan is to be ahead of the demand,” said Deputy Administrator Manuel Benitez, who outlined the changes in an interview in Washington at the World Gas Conference.
On Tuesday, the authority celebrated the two-year anniversary of an expansion that opened the canal to larger tankers. Since then, 372 LNG tankers have gone through the locks, with 337 moving through on the same day they had reserved a slot. The remaining ships were tankers that showed up with no reservation, and all but five moved through on the same day. The rest waited three to four days at most.
Now the waterway is averaging less than a trip a day for these tankers. In October, LNG traders will be able to compete with other shippers for a second daily slot. The canal has a total of 10 slots available for reservations, and has sent as many as 11 ships through. Benitez says their analysis shows the new locks may handle as many as 13 a day.
In fiscal year 2019, the Panama Canal Authority expects 60 million metric ton of LNG to pass through the waterway — with 41 million ton of that coming from the U.S. It expects to be able to offer three bookings a day for LNG carriers in 2022.
The restrictions on LNG traffic in the canal were self-imposd as a safety precaution as the authority was learning to understand the risks of handling a new type of vessel in newly-built locks, Benitez said.
Now, LNG tankers pay $500,000 to $525,000 to use the canal. But the authority is seeing an increasing number of bigger container ships that pay more than $1 million, Benitez said. An advantage of the changed rules is that they allow more ships in the “million dollar club” to move quickly through the canal, letting shippers boost the volumes they carry without taking up added slots, he said.
So-called ghost bookings created a problem for the authority since they locked slots closed until the very last moment. The result: Tankers were avoiding the canal thinking there was no room for them, according to Silvia de Marucci, executive manager of the authority’s economic analysis and market research division.
Now the authority is tracking the ships within those bookings using satellite technology, and is advising other customers that a slot may be available within a one-to-three day period, she said.
The overseer of the waterway is also conducting a study to determine whether it makes sense to commit to another expansion that would allow even bigger ships, such as the very large crude carriers, or VLCCs, to use the waterway, Benitez said.
“We don’t anticipate this is something we have to do immediately, but we are constantly monitoring demand,” he said.
Right now the huge crude tankers aren’t a target because even U.S. ports aren’t fully prepared to handle them, said de Marucci, who is responsible for making forecasts for the canal. The need could change as growing production from shale fields seeks markets abroad.
The Port of Corpus Christi is trying to tap into that growth by expanding and deepening its port to handle these super oil tankers, Chief Executive Officer Sean Strawbridge said in an interview in Washington on Tuesday.
“Our Chinese customers want VLCCs” and China National Petroleum Corp. is a ”key aspirational customer,” he said. The project could be completed by 2022 or 2023, he said.